Mertonian Norms

On a recent physics blog, there was a post on the Mertonian Norms of science.

Interesting that the Azimuth Project forum is a blueprint for this approach:

The four Mertonian norms can be summarised as:

  • universalism: scientific validity is independent of the sociopolitical status/personal attributes of its participants
  • “communalism”: all scientists should have common ownership of scientific goods (intellectual property), to promote collective collaboration; secrecy is the opposite of this norm.
  • disinterestedness: scientific institutions act for the benefit of a common scientific enterprise, rather than for the personal gain of individuals within them
  • organized scepticism: scientific claims should be exposed to critical scrutiny before being accepted: both in methodology and institutional codes of conduct.
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