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# Conventions

So far there are pages appearing that look like

This is one of the items, i.e. capitalization, I discussed with Andre Joyal and posted an email on the Azimuth blog. Should all words be capitalized? Just the first word? Or none of the words?

It is probably a good idea to establish some convention now to avoid having to fix a bunch of things later when more content begins appearing.

You’ll probably also want to think about several conventions. For example,

• Do you want page names to be capitalized or lower case?
• Do you want all page names to be nouns?
• Do you want all page names to be singular?
• Do you want the first appearance of a word you are defining to be italic or bold or no particular marking?

The nLab has decided to make page names lower case, but personally, I prefer upper case page names. This affects the label on the top of any given page.

I prefer the “title” to be upper case.

They also decided to make page names singular nouns and to use bold for the first appearance of a word in a definition, whereas you seem to be gravitating to italic.

Another convention which I HOPE you follow is to put “s” INSIDE the brackets. For example, if you have a page [ [groupoid] ], Urs and some others will often write the plural link as [ [groupoid] ]s. That is quite unappealing to me and every time I see it, I cringe, and proceed to “fix” it. I’ve spent countless hours chasing Urs around changing “]]s” to “s]]”.

There are two ways to handle plural links. One way is to use what is called a “pipe link”, i.e.

[ [groupoid|groupoids] ].

The idea here is the name on the left of the “pipe” | is the name of the actual page you are linking to and the name on the right of the pipe is that appears on the page. In the above case, the word “groupoids” appear on the page, but points to the page “groupoid”.

Another way (which I prefer) is to use redirects. This is easier and cleaner for authors, but requires a one time addition to the final destination page.

For example, I’ve gone through most of the pages on the nLab and added redirects for plural versions of the page.

Now, on the nLab, if you enter a link [ [groupoids] ], it is automatically redirected to [ [groupoid] ]. This is clean and I wish everyone on the nLab followed this convention.

To make this work, you simply add a line

[ [!redirects groupoids] ]

to the page [ [groupoid] ]. In a sense, this PULLS someone who clicks a link to [ [groupoids] ] to the page [ [groupoid] ].

By the way, if you choose to use upper case page names, then you’ll probably want to add redirects for both plural and lower case. For example, if you have a page

[ [Category] ]

you will probably want to add

[ [!redirects category] ] [ [!redirects categories] ]

That way, when anyone clicks a link [ [category] ], they end up on [ [Category] ].

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1.

John wrote:

Sorry, Eric. Good points!

I'm trying to follow the Wikipedia convention, which would be Dead zone in this case.

I would be very happy for the elves to implement the Wikipedia convention.

For reference, i.e. it took me a few minutes to find it, here is the Wikipedia guideline for capitalization:

Comment Source:John [wrote](http://www.math.ntnu.no/~stacey/Mathforge/Azimuth/comments.php?DiscussionID=10&Focus=38#Comment_38): >Sorry, Eric. Good points! >I'm trying to follow the Wikipedia convention, which would be <b>D</b>ead <b>z</b>one in this case. >I would be very happy for the elves to implement the Wikipedia convention. For reference, i.e. it took me a few minutes to find it, here is the Wikipedia guideline for capitalization: * [Naming conventions (capitalization)](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Naming_conventions_%28capitalization%29)
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2.
edited September 2010

All Azimuth Project pages now conform to the Wikipedia naming convention, but it may take some time for all the redirects to kick in (cache bug?)

Edit: I never understood the dreaded "cache bug", but the links on the wiki itself seem to be redirecting fine, but external links, e.g. from here, to the wiki are not redirecting.

Comment Source:All Azimuth Project pages now conform to the Wikipedia naming convention, but it may take some time for all the redirects to kick in (cache bug?) Edit: I never understood the dreaded "cache bug", but the links on the wiki itself seem to be redirecting fine, but external links, e.g. from here, to the wiki are not redirecting.
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3.

Hi Eric, how about a template page?

Comment Source:Hi Eric, how about a template page?
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4.

Good idea! We have one for the nLab: Template page

Comment Source:Good idea! We have one for the nLab: [Template page](http://ncatlab.org/nlab/show/Template+page) Recently, John made the [comment](http://www.math.ntnu.no/~stacey/Mathforge/Azimuth/comments.php?DiscussionID=17&Focus=56#Comment_56): >We need to (slowly) work out some conventions for what articles should look like... but one important thing I'm starting to include is a "Questions" section. We need to encourage people to ask good questions and also answer them on the Azimuth Project. It's not supposed to be merely a static supply of facts... so the format for Azimuth will likely be different than that of the nLab, but for starters, we can probably just copy the nLab's. Although it could definitely use some tweaking to make it suitable for Azimuth, we now have: [[Template page]].