> The adjusted temperature seems more important here, so we want a nice short name for it.
> I thought they were called 'anomalies'. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrumental_temperature_record](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrumental_temperature_record)
I've seen 'anomaly' used for the mean temperature during a given year (or some such period) minus the mean temperature over a longer historical period.
The 'adjustment' we're talking about here is the mean temperature during a given day minus the mean of temperatures _on the same day of the year_ over a longer historical period.
Maybe this is called an anomaly too - I don't know.