A good companion piece to this editorial is this recent review article

Vallis GK. 2016 "Geophysical fluid dynamics: whence, whither and why?" Proc. R. Soc. A 472: 20160140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2016.0140 and PDF

Vallis makes a number of points when it comes to analysis and raises a number of important issues when it comes to computational fluid dynamics (CFD).

I'm not going to go into detail here since I wrote about the article on my blog :
http://contextearth.com/2016/09/03/geophysical-fluid-dynamics-first-and-then-cfd/