>" don't see semantically clear predictions in your Model yet, and was thinking more along the lines of Galileo or Mendel, and many others, who published against orthodoxy with definite predictions."
The difference there is that they can do *controlled experiments*. There is no control possible with climate science, geophysics, or astrophysics.
And are you not familiar with the idea behind [cross-validation](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-validation_(statistics))?
> " It is mainly used in settings where the goal is prediction, and one wants to estimate how accurately a predictive model will perform in practice. "