On a recent physics blog, there was a post on the [Mertonian Norms](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mertonian_norms) of science.
Interesting that the Azimuth Project forum is a blueprint for this approach:
The four Mertonian norms can be summarised as:
* universalism: scientific validity is independent of the sociopolitical status/personal attributes of its participants
* “communalism”: all scientists should have common ownership of scientific goods (intellectual property), to promote collective collaboration; secrecy is the opposite of this norm.
* disinterestedness: scientific institutions act for the benefit of a common scientific enterprise, rather than for the personal gain of individuals within them
* organized scepticism: scientific claims should be exposed to critical scrutiny before being accepted: both in methodology and institutional codes of conduct.